Travel and Tourism

Travel and tourism is a booming industry all across the globe. This particularly holds true for India that has registered significant increase in the number of visitors in last few years. With the arrival of India on world stage, tourists from all over the planet are also eager to know more about this fascinating country. Travel and tourism can be for leisure and pleasure purpose or for business activities. Both way, this is a thriving industry and India is a direct beneficiary of this trend.

There is no surprise in India turning out to be a hotbed for global tourists. The rich cultural heritage of the country has always managed to attract visitors from far places since the ancient times. India’s rich diversity and monumental places makes it a perfect place for tourists looking for relaxation and a thrilling experience. Right from sunny beaches of Goa and backwaters of Kerala to the mesmerizing hill stations of north India and virgin mountains of North-East Indian Territory, India offers it all. Every region offers a particular treat to the visitors who can never have enough of India. There is plenty to explore like beaches, wildlife, nature tourism, health tourism and historic monuments etc.

New kinds of tourism has also flourished in India the likes of which include, adventure tourism, eco tourism, cultural tourism, pilgrimage tourism and rural tourism etc. The variety is very rich. Different reasons have contributed to the rise of India as a major tourist attraction. The economic conditions of people have definitely improved over the years and now they have more money to explore new places. India has made a place for itself on world map and that definitely pulls vacationers to witness the magical beauty of the historical land of India. There has been a tremendous development in technology like transportation and other areas that have contributed considerably to the emergence of India on tourist charts.

Indian central governments and state governments are also putting in extra efforts to highlight magnificent beauty of India. One can explore any of the several travel websites to plan a memorable tour itinerary.

Indian Handicrafts

Indian handicrafts have a rich history of over thousands of years. Indian handicrafts industry has kept evolving with the passage of time. It is a wonderful mix of traditional and modern facets of India. Handicraft refers to the craft made completely by the hands. Handicraft does not take any help of latest modern technical equipment. Handicrafts of India beautifully symbolize the richness of Indian culture. It is a shining light that has form, dignity, style and beauty. Despite the course of thousands of years, handicrafts of India have maintained its uniqueness.

Different regions in India have different handicraft specialty. You will be hard pressed to find similar handicraft items in two different regions. Handicraft represents the particular culture of a region. The exclusivity and perfection of Indian handicrafts leaves people astonished and wanting for more. Diverse array of hand crafted masterpieces will give you a glance in the richness of Indian culture, its splendid glory and tales of triumphs. If ethnic patterns are what you are looking for, you need not go any further than handicrafts made using brilliant artistic skills of the artisans. These pieces are extremely elegant and exquisite. If you want to have Indian handicraft pieces for interior decoration purposes then you can find artworks ranging from vibrant colors to soft hues, from simple styles to the most intricate artwork.

The evolution of handmade gifts attributed to multitude of factors including local needs, entrepreneurship, religious beliefs, trade related necessities, geometrical construction and availability of constituents. It was not an overnight phenomenon. It has kept evolving and flourishing. The divine beauty of Indian handicrafts is a result of thousands of years of hard work and practice.

It comes as no surprise to know that India is one of the major exporters of handicrafts. Indian Handicraft sector is particularly popular for crafts items like sculptures, earthenware, knitted goods, pottery, jewelry, leather craft, metal work, glassware, woodwork, scarves, embroidered goods, decorative items, furniture and textiles. The demand for handicrafts of India has kept on rising. The traditional designs of these craft items are simply awe-inspiring. This field has also contributed significantly to the revenues earned by Indian government. Indian handicrafts industry and gifts manufacturers has provided employment to lakhs of people.

Indian Festivals

India always celebrates. India has yearly rounds of festivals and fairs celebrated all across the country. The tradition of Indian festivals goes back to Vedic era. The concept of festivals first began as a celebration in honor of gods, natural resources like rivers, ocean, fire, monsoon etc. These festivals were sign of social and cultural significance. Considering the co-existence of several religions in India, there is bound to have numerous festivals and celebrations. Apart from four major religions, i.e., Hinduism, Islam, Christianity and Sikhism followed in India, there are few others like Jainism, Buddhism, Jewish and Zoroastrian. All these religions make India a cultural potpourri. Apart from respective festivals of these religions, there are number of regional festivals which are celebrated in particular areas only. The festivals of India are marked by bright colors, sweets, social gathering, brightly lit religious places, traditional dance and dresses, illuminated houses and joyous atmosphere.

Let’s have a look at some of the popular festivals celebrated in India. Hindu Festivals:-

• Holi
• Baisakhi
• Diwali
• Navratri
• Durga Puja
• Rakhi
• Dussehra
• Onam
• Ram Navami
• Janmashtami
• Karwa Chauth
• Ganesh Chaturthi
• Mahashivaratri
• Makar Sankranti
• Naag Panchami
• Pongal

Muslim Festivals:-

• Muhorram
• Bakra Eid
• Eid ul Fitr

Christian Festivals:-

• Christmas
• Good Friday
• Easter

Sikh Festivals:-

• Lohri
• Guru Purab
• Guru Nanak Jayanti
• Holla Mohalla

Buddhist Festivals:-

• Ullambana
• Hemis Gompa
• Buddha Purnima
• Losar

Jewish Festivals:-

• Passover
• Chanukah/Hanukkah

Zoroastrian Festivals:-

• Zarthost No Deeso
• Jamshed Navroz
• Gahambars
• Khordad Sal

Apart from these religious festivals, there are plenty of National Festivals as well in India:-

• Republic Day
• Independence Day
• Gandhi Jayanti
• Children’s Day
• Teacher’s Day

Modern day festivals like Father’s Day, Valentine’s Day, Halloween, New Year, Mother’s Day, Friendship day etc are also celebrated in India. Festivals play a major role in uniting a country like India that has vast geographical distances and a variety of languages and customs. These festivals underline the rich legacy of traditions that has been handed over from ages.

Indian Art

The traditional Indian education system has always fascinated the world. Not many countries can boast of milestones in ancient literature like Yoga, Puranas and Vedas. Our education system was founded on the purest language of the world, Sanskrit. It is supposed to be the mother of all languages. Indian education followed the system of Gurukul during the ancient periods. According to this system, young boys had to stay at the Guru’s (teacher) place and complete their formal education. The learning was not just restricted to books. Important constituents of personality like values, ethics and morals were also taught at Gurukuls. Indian education system deserves all the applause for producing several geniuses in diverse fields who have made our country proud.

Arrival of different cultures, religions and movements led to the spread of education among women and lower strata of the society. Indian education did go through a temporary stagnation period during the middle Ages but things changed drastically during the modern era. Education in India got a new lease of life after British came to the country. Once the country got the independence, central government made education its primary priority. The objective was to make education available to every citizen of the nation. Indian education system was segregated into primary education, secondary education, senior secondary education and higher education.

Indian constitution declared it unlawful to discriminate education opportunities on the basis of caste and gender. Elementary education was made a fundamental right for children between the age group of 6-14. The literacy rate has increased exponentially in last few decades.

There has also been reports of rising female literacy rate in the country which is definitely an encouraging sign. Additionally, the difference between urban and rural education ratio has also decreased over the years. The rapid growth of Indian economy has further fueled the governmental plans of accelerating the process of developing education system. Presence of numerous colleges, state universities, central universities, quality schools etc can definitely be credited to efforts made by Indian authorities. Institutes like IIMs and IITs are symbol of excellence and renowned worldwide for providing quality education.

Indian Art
Indian culture has always encouraged the tradition of art since the ancient times. Indian art is known for its exquisiteness, class and quality. The skilled Indian artists have always mesmerized the world with their talents and knowledge. The history of Indian art is rich with great tradition and absorption of other art forms of different cultures. Indian art have been greatly influenced by its climate and geography. Indian art has certain peculiar indigenous traits that cannot be seen anywhere else. Regional culture has cultivated different forms of art in India. There is a certain mystery and myth about the art of India. The art in India is an extension of religion, philosophy and beliefs of Indian culture.

Indian art has different shades like traditional, hieratic or theological. The initiation of art culture in India was done with the purpose of encouraging society towards greater causes. It was a reflection of our material, spiritual and celestial worlds. During the ancient and middle times, artworks were used as decorative objects in the palace of the kings. Indian art symbolizes not just paintings. The category also includes wall murals, sculpture, music, dance etc.

There are different facets of Indian art. For instance, folk art is primarily related to fine art category. Folk art represents true India. It is a form of culture that has been transcended from generation to generation. The tradition of folk art includes songs, dance and unique forms of arts and crafts. These things talk about our historical culture. Similarly, embroidery works of India is also a fine example of a fascinating form of Indian art.

Talking about paintings, most famous Indian painting forms are Warli art, Madhubani paintings, Tanjore and Batik art etc. The list is endless and you will find plenty of other amazing forms of paintings in different parts of India. Thankfully, this culture has managed to withstand the travails of changing times. You will also find Fabric painting in the tie and dye pattern in Gujarat and Patachitra art of Orissa which is a pinnacle of the process of making paintings. Furthermore, tribal art is a shining jewel in the crown of Indian paintings. The caves of Ajantha-Ellora and Khajuraho are wonderful illustrations of prehistoric rock and cave art.

Growing Indian Economy

India is one of the fastest growing economies today. In fact, it is second only to China in terms of GDP growth rate. India’s rise and growth in last few decades is simply phenomenal. The purchasing power of Indian population has also witnessed a substantial rise. Thanks to growing reputation of India in service industry, India commands a premium over other emerging countries when it comes to attracting foreign investment. If China made hay on the virtue of its manufacturing capabilities, India has emerged as the one of the largest service providers in the world in many business verticals.

The strength and robustness of Indian economy was truly reflected during world economic crisis of 2008 and even during Asian financial crisis of 1998. The last two years have wreaked havoc on almost all the major world economies. The developed countries had it worst and some analysts say, it was the worst economic crisis faced by the world since the days of Great Depression in 1930s. However, to India’s credit, the country remained isolated from the worldwide slump. The growth rate remained above 6% when actually most of the economies were witnessing negative growth rate. There were no major corporate bankruptcies recorded, no loss of jobs or any other such financial catastrophe. That definitely keeps India in a different league. Today, India is the most attractive Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Avenue in the world and that shows trust of the investors in growing Indian economy.

The growth of Indian economy is attributed to several factors. One, India has a very large customer base that is yet to be tapped completely. India has no less than one billion plus population and that also means one billion potential consumers. With rising growth in economy, standard of living has also increased and with that, aspirations of the population. Indians are looking for top brands in mobile phones and accessories and they are willing to indulge themselves.

The rapid growth of economy can also be attributed to presence of new sunshine industries like IT, BPOs and Health and Insurance among others. These industries have generated millions of jobs and huge revenues for Indian economy. Indian economy is definitely on the fast track to become economic powerhouse of the world.

Education and Literacy

; font-size: small;”>India always had a reputation of being an excellent center for learning. From time immemorial, Indian education system has produced many geniuses. The greatness of Indian education can be measured from its contribution to different field of studies. Variety of subjects like literature, medicine, physics, astrology, arts, philosophy, religion, drama, sociology and mathematics etc were taught in ancient India. Plenty of books have been written on above mentioned subjects by eminent Indians. Even during the ancient times, great scholars used to teach through the scriptures to students coming from far away countries. India is also credited with establishment of some world famous educational institutions at places like Nalanda, Vikramshila and Takshashila.

High-quality education was imparted in the universities of Nalanda and Takshashila to the students coming from China, Sri Lanka, Egypt and other countries. Though, Indian education system suffered from massive illiteracy problems during Middle Ages but it took a definite turn with the arrival of British in the country. We still follow British system of education and now India is one of the largest producers of graduates and English speaking candidates. Early Education has been spread in every nook and corner of the country. Indian government has taken concrete steps towards diminishing the illiteracy rate.

There have been concrete efforts to expand the scope of education in the field of foreign language courses as well as in higher studies. It is the constant endeavor of central and state governments to improve the education and making it available to one and all. The first major step towards developing the higher education system of the country was in form of the establishment of University Grants Commission in 1953.

India has no less than 20 central universities, 217 state universities, 17000 colleges and 106 deemed universities. The existing system of Indian education is well segregated into primary education, secondary education, senior secondary education, and higher education. Many Indian educational institutions like IITs, IIMs, JNU and few others are worldwide recognized and appreciated. Many students travel abroad for enhancing their academic studies & take help from school consultancy services in India. Indian education offers courses in almost all the subjects. Arrival of foreign universities has further opened doors for the Indian students. As a result, there is substantial increase in literacy rate. Going by the way things are progressing, Indian education system is bound to go places.

Education

The traditional Indian education system has always fascinated the world. Not many countries can boast of milestones in ancient literature like Yoga, Puranas and Vedas. Our education system was founded on the purest language of the world, Sanskrit. It is supposed to be the mother of all languages. Indian education followed the system of Gurukul during the ancient periods. According to this system, young boys had to stay at the Guru’s (teacher) place and complete their formal education. The learning was not just restricted to books. Important constituents of personality like values, ethics and morals were also taught at Gurukuls. Indian education system deserves all the applause for producing several geniuses in diverse fields who have made our country proud.

Arrival of different cultures, religions and movements led to the spread of education among women and lower strata of the society. Indian education did go through a temporary stagnation period during the middle Ages but things changed drastically during the modern era. Education in India got a new lease of life after British came to the country. Once the country got the independence, central government made education its primary priority. The objective was to make education available to every citizen of the nation. Indian education system was segregated into preschool and primary education, secondary education, senior secondary education and higher education.

Indian constitution declared it unlawful to discriminate education opportunities on the basis of caste and gender. Elementary education was made a fundamental right for children between the age group of 6-14. The literacy rate has increased exponentially in last few decades.

There has also been reports of rising female literacy rate in the country which is definitely an encouraging sign. Additionally, the difference between urban and rural education ratio has also decreased over the years. The rapid growth of Indian economy has further fueled the governmental plans of accelerating the process of developing education system. Presence of numerous colleges, state universities, study abroad consultants, quality schools etc can definitely be credited to efforts made by Indian authorities. India is witnessing a boom and several international empires and moving to start their preschools in India. Institutes like IIMs and IITs are symbol of excellence and renowned worldwide for providing quality education.

Culture of India

Culture is often defined as a sum total of social and political forces that shape up the growth of human beings. Culture cannot be explained in one sentence. So many different factors combine together to form colorful shades of culture. Indian culture is amazingly rich and diverse. It is a unique phenomenon that has continued to surprise traditionalists and modernists alike. The most fascinating aspect of Indian culture is that different geographical parts of Indian Territory have their own distinct cultures. Right from North India to South and Eastern regions, you will find amalgamation of different shades of cultures. These aspects are totally unique in typical sense of the word and yet they have seamlessly integrated with each other.

India is one of the fastest growing economies in the world and that is reflected in the way Indians have changed their lifestyles. But we still have our values and beliefs totally intact. That is the beauty of Indian culture. These values are deeply rooted in the heart of every Indian. Indian culture is multidimensional. Its scope and effect cannot be contained to one single sphere of life. Right from our faith values to the way we dress, eat and behave is inspired from our ancient culture.

Indian history is full of incidents where foreign invaders came to India and they found themselves assimilated in the mainstream. That gives our culture a distinct flavor. Indian culture is often a subject of envy and respect because of its unique features. For instance, Indians believe in the concept of ‘Athithi Devo Bhava’ which simply indicates that even if we don’t have anything to eat we will never leave our guests hungry.

Indian culture emphasizes giving respects to our elders. This love and respect comes from our culture and young Indians thrive on taking blessings from his elders. One more striking feature of Indian culture is helpful nature of the native Indians. We like to share sadness and pain and distribute joy to everyone. We are constantly living in an atmosphere of harmony and co-operation. That’s the way we make this world a better place to live in.

Clothing and Fashion

Today, Indian clothing is one of the most talked about styles on world fashion stage. The beauty of Indian fashion lies in its unique offering of traditional and modern form of fashion. If on one hand, we have managed to make the optimum use of our traditional attires, we have also assimilated modern clothing styles and fashion sense in our clothes & handbags. Indian clothing is appreciated and desired all over the world. It has become a common sight to witness western celebrities wearing Indian attires and that is an ample proof of growing popularity of ready made garments Many Indian designers have earned global accolades for their creative and unique fashion designs. Readymade garments have definitely acquired a strong identity in the Indian fashion world.

Indian clothing is a fascinating blend of best of different eras. Indian has different traditional types of clothing. Diverse regions in India have different culture of clothing and fashion. All these regions offer variety of styles and designs that you will not find anywhere else. If we talk particularly about certain styles of clothing then ‘Dhoti Kurta’ must be the most common attire for Indian men. Dhoti kurta is basically unstitched, clothed piece. It is tied around waist and legs. Dhoti is known by different names in different places. For example, Bengali people call dhoti a loongi whereas in Punjab, it is known as Laacha.

Kurta on the other hand is used by both men and women. It is a long and loose attire that goes down all the way to your knees. Shalwar kameez is very popular amongst women. It is a very traditional dress and is quite charming. At many places, it is also known as a Punjabi suit. The most popular Indian dress must be Sari. No other dress brings out the elegance in a woman the way sari does. Indian women have always been associated with saris. Similarly, sherwani is a typical male dress which is quite similar to achkan in style. Bags n Purses are another common feature of Indian clothing accessory. It serves several purposes apart from being a stylist piece of clothing. India is best known for its traditional clothing designed using modern techniques.

Business and Industry

Currently, India is the second largest growing economy in the world after China. That is no mean achievement but the good news is the prediction of India leapfrogging its neighboring country in next 8-10 years. The famous Economist Magazine has forecasted that “India will overtake China as the fastest growing major economy by 2018”. India is likely to maintain its above 6-7% growth rate and in next few years, the growth rate might well be exceeding 8%. It simply shows the vast potential of the Indian economy and how it is going to play a bigger role in world economy in coming times. India has already left behind many other developing economies in terms of FDI. India has acquired the reputation of providing safest investment avenues to dollar rich foreign investors.

The growth of any economy is very much determined by its business verticals and industries. Since the day, new economic policies were adopted in early 90s, signaling the arrival of liberalization and opening the doors to investors, Indian economy has never looked back. Most of the Indian business industries have showed their strengths in tough global competitive arena and have acquired commendable reputation. Talking about particular industries, we must first mention the sunshine industry, i.e., software sector.

Presence of English speaking scientific professionals and huge talent pool of technical young people has contributed significantly to the phenomenal success of Indian software industry. This industry also helped in establishing India as a service sector economy.

There is certain similarity in all the business industries in India. The reason is all-round development of Indian economy in all verticals and rising per capita income of Indian population. For instance, steel industry has registered impressive growth rate in last two decades and the simple reason is infrastructural requirements. New roads, highways, ports, power plants, factories, buildings etc are being built in every part of the country. This has resulted in rising steel production, establishment of several mega power plants and increased cement production. So there is a simultaneous growth across all the industries.

The lifestyle needs of the people have also changed. This has given rise to a retail, mobile phones and textile industry. People are looking for branded products and for that they are not hesitating in shelling out huge sums. The result is arrival of multinational retail and textile giants on Indian soil. Same can be said about manufacturing, automobile and health & insurance industries.

India truly offers huge potential for businesses. India is certainly the country to look forward to.