The musical compositions of the Filipinos are a blend of European and American music styles and genres. In fact, a major part of Filipino music has been influenced by the colonial masters in the form of the:
– Spanish style of song and music
– The Western rock and roll
– The American Hip-hop and pop
– The indigenous Austronesian populace
– Indo-Malayan Gamelan music
However, an interesting aspect of the Filipino songs is that the musical composition styles vary from region to region. Typically, the music of the Filipinos is composed with the combination of the musical instruments belonging to the following families:
These instruments are generally crafted from material such as bronze, wood or bamboo.
The following are the varying styles of Filipino music:
– Kulintang: This belongs to the southern section of the Filipino archipelago, comprising the island of Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago. The primary instruments used are the bossed gongs.
– Polyphonic: This is the music style of the north amongst the indigenous populace of the Central Cordilleras of the northern island of Luzon. The music is played with gongs called Gangsa and accompanied by drums.
– Harana: This style of music initially gained popularity during the Spanish reign. It is largely influenced by the folk tunes of Spain and the Mariachi sounds of Mexico. Essentially the songs composed form a traditional type of courtship wherein a man tries to woo his lady love by standing beneath her window. This is still practiced in a number of places in the Philippines. The main instrument used is the guitar, which is strung by the man wooing his woman.
– Kundiman. This is a style of lyrical love songs.
– Rondalla: This is originally a Spanish style of music that was brought to the Philippines in the 1800s.
– Filipino rock: This genre of music saw its beginnings in the 1950s, and today the rock artistes of this archipelago are famous the world over.
– Original Pilipino Music (OPM): This is also called Original Pinoy Music, and refers to the Filipino pop songs, mainly those in ballad style.
– Filipino Hip-Hop and R&B: The Filipinos are known to be the first to bring this style of music to Asia.
The following is a list of popular female Filipino singers:
Claire de la Fuente
Rachelle Ann Go
Zsa Zsa Padilla
Ella May Saison
The following is a list of the famous male Filipino singers:
José Mari Chan
Joey de Leon