Fraternity for Indian Artists in Musical Professions
The word gharana means family. Basically this type of Hindustani music is further classified into categories depending on the family or school from where the musician hailed. Every gharana has a particular style of playing instruments and singing. It is said that this classification of Hindustani music came into being in the 18th century. Any form of Hindustani music to be given the title of being a gharana, should have traveled through at least three generations. This is because it is then given the stature of being a recognized style in the world of Indian classical music.
Gharana has fascinated music connoisseurs across the globe. The fact is that in India a lot of importance is given to family heritage, be it wealth or profession and in this case music. This type of classical music being passed down through generations shows how much people respect the presence of music in their lives.
Though this style of classical music was popular in its time, it began to fade away as musicians began to travel, spreading their talents. During their widespread traveling they would give performances and also attend other concerts. They came across musicians and other music forms. And so instead of adhering to what they had been taught they began to imbibe other styles. Today, gharana style of music has more or less faded away into the oblivion with only a few musicians adhering to where they originally belong.
Some of the popular gharanas of times gone by include:
The fact remains that the rich heritage of gharanas has trickled down to being almost non-existent today. But, some musicians across the world are trying to revive them by thoroughly studying the forms and compositions so that if people today cannot enjoy original recordings, they could at least experience them as re-creations.
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