An Introduction :
India’s musical history dates back to the prehistoric times and is in fact regarded as one of the oldest in the world. Most experts claim that the origins of Indian music dates back to the era when the Vedas were created. No matter what time and age maybe associated with the history of Indian music, there is no doubt that it has been and important part of the country’s rich cultural and traditional heritage.
India’s music is based on the combination of vocal and instrumental music, along with dance. And these three combined is what is known as sangeet. According to the documented history of Indian music, performances were complete with the combination of the three. This includes the musical performances in the royal court, temples, during celebrations and festivals, in the villages as part of their entertainment program, etc.
One of oldest music forms known as Sama was developed during the Vedic period, which stretched from 1500 to 500 BC. The hymns that were penned by the learned men of that age were put to tune. Ever since the history of Indian music saw continuous evolution from the devotional folk to the present day structural form based on the melody and rhythm, also called raga and taal, respectively.
According to historic recordings concerning the music of India, prior to the 13th century there was primarily one type of musical form. But with the invasion of the Mughals, the music of north and central India blended with the Mughal influences of Arabia and Persia bringing into being Hindustani music. On the other hand the Carnatic music of the south has remained untouched by any kind of external influences.
Indian music has continued to evolve and develop through the eras. It undoubtedly, forms an essential part of every Indian’s life living in this country or overseas. In fact there are a large number of foreigners who have taken to learning the various forms of Indian music. As the history of Indian music clearly declares, music has been the foundation for religious inspiration and rituals, cultural and traditional expression and has been a source for entertainment.