The traditional Indian education system has always fascinated the world. Not many countries can boast of milestones in ancient literature like Yoga, Puranas and Vedas. Our education system was founded on the purest language of the world, Sanskrit. It is supposed to be the mother of all languages. Indian education followed the system of Gurukul during the ancient periods. According to this system, young boys had to stay at the Guru’s (teacher) place and complete their formal education. The learning was not just restricted to books. Important constituents of personality like values, ethics and morals were also taught at Gurukuls. Indian education system deserves all the applause for producing several geniuses in diverse fields who have made our country proud.
Arrival of different cultures, religions and movements led to the spread of education among women and lower strata of the society. Indian education did go through a temporary stagnation period during the middle Ages but things changed drastically during the modern era. Education in India got a new lease of life after British came to the country. Once the country got the independence, central government made education its primary priority. The objective was to make education available to every citizen of the nation. Indian education system was segregated into primary education, secondary education, senior secondary education and higher education.
Indian constitution declared it unlawful to discriminate education opportunities on the basis of caste and gender. Elementary education was made a fundamental right for children between the age group of 6-14. The literacy rate has increased exponentially in last few decades.
There has also been reports of rising female literacy rate in the country which is definitely an encouraging sign. Additionally, the difference between urban and rural education ratio has also decreased over the years. The rapid growth of Indian economy has further fueled the governmental plans of accelerating the process of developing education system. Presence of numerous colleges, state universities, central universities, quality schools etc can definitely be credited to efforts made by Indian authorities. Institutes like IIMs and IITs are symbol of excellence and renowned worldwide for providing quality education.
Indian culture has always encouraged the tradition of art since the ancient times. Indian art is known for its exquisiteness, class and quality. The skilled Indian artists have always mesmerized the world with their talents and knowledge. The history of Indian art is rich with great tradition and absorption of other art forms of different cultures. Indian art have been greatly influenced by its climate and geography. Indian art has certain peculiar indigenous traits that cannot be seen anywhere else. Regional culture has cultivated different forms of art in India. There is a certain mystery and myth about the art of India. The art in India is an extension of religion, philosophy and beliefs of Indian culture.
Indian art has different shades like traditional, hieratic or theological. The initiation of art culture in India was done with the purpose of encouraging society towards greater causes. It was a reflection of our material, spiritual and celestial worlds. During the ancient and middle times, artworks were used as decorative objects in the palace of the kings. Indian art symbolizes not just paintings. The category also includes wall murals, sculpture, music, dance etc.
There are different facets of Indian art. For instance, folk art is primarily related to fine art category. Folk art represents true India. It is a form of culture that has been transcended from generation to generation. The tradition of folk art includes songs, dance and unique forms of arts and crafts. These things talk about our historical culture. Similarly, embroidery works of India is also a fine example of a fascinating form of Indian art.
Talking about paintings, most famous Indian painting forms are Warli art, Madhubani paintings, Tanjore and Batik art etc. The list is endless and you will find plenty of other amazing forms of paintings in different parts of India. Thankfully, this culture has managed to withstand the travails of changing times. You will also find Fabric painting in the tie and dye pattern in Gujarat and Patachitra art of Orissa which is a pinnacle of the process of making paintings. Furthermore, tribal art is a shining jewel in the crown of Indian paintings. The caves of Ajantha-Ellora and Khajuraho are wonderful illustrations of prehistoric rock and cave art.