Russian Songs

Essentially ethnic Russian music comprises of varieties of folk, popular and classical traditions of song and music. The music is mainly associated with the styles of opera and ballet, both of which come under the general category of classical music.

In fact, some of the biggest names in the ethnic music of Russia are – Mikhail Glinka, Sergei Prokofiev, Sergei Rachmaninoff, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky and Igor Stravinsky. The famous opera singers of Russia have been – Fyodor Shalyapin and Vyacheslav Shchurov. Amongst the famous Russian folk singers, the renowned names are – Nadezhda Kadysheva, Zhanna Bichevskaya and Boris Grebenshchikov.

The prominent forms of Russian songs are in the following genres:
–  Classical
–   Opera
–   Ballet
–    Russian rock
–   Folk songs

In fact, there are varied folk song categories based on the region of origination, which includes the following:
–    Adygea
–    Altay
–   Bashkir
–    Buryatia
–  Chechnya
–    Dagestan
–    Karelia
–   Russia
–    Sakha
–    Tatarstan
–    Tuva
–   Ukrainian music
The traditional instruments used in composing musical tunes and songs in Russia include the following:
The string instruments:
Balalaika – This is a three-stringed, triangular sound-board, which is played with the fingers.
Domra – This is a three-or-four-stringed lute, which is strummed with a plectrum.
Donsloy Ryley – This is an instrument with an attached triangular key-box.
Gudok – This is a pear-shaped-three-stringed-bowed instrument
Gusli – one This is one of the Russian musical instruments
Kolyosnaya Lira – This instrument has the body that looks like a violin.
Semistrunnaya Gitara (Semistrunka) – This is a seven-string guitar-like instrument.
The wind instruments:
Bayan
Garmon
Kalyuki
Kugikli
Svirel
Vladimirsky rozhok
Volynka
Zhaleika
The percussion instruments:
Buben
Bubentsy
Kokshnik
Korobochka
Lozhki
Rubel
Treshchotki
Vertushka
Zvonchalka