Although many self-report measures to music and emotions are the norm these days, using several different approaches is getting more popular. Most of the research studies conducted today used both the dimensional and the discontinuous emotion models to assess music and emotion.
The dimensional model, as the name suggests, involves the measurement of a person’s response to a particular emotion or a song. These include the four major categories of affective responses: the immediate affective response (I.A.R), the subjective appraisal of that response (S.A.P.) and finally the affective reaction (behavioral or motivational) to that emotion.
These categories are often described in terms of their intensity (pleasantness, unpleasantness, arousal, valence, timbre and arousal). Arousal refers to the “spark” for which a person becomes aroused, typically by listening to or watching a music piece. Timbre refers to the quality or “loudness” of a music piece. Valence refers to an emotional value such as happiness, sadness, anger, happiness and others. And lastly, arousal or valence is related to a person’s behavior.
The continuous emotion model on the other hand involves the measurement of how a person reacts to a music piece over time. The different dimensions are based on how people respond when they are in different stages of emotion.
When conducting the continuous emotion model, the four levels of emotion can be measured. It may also involve how well a person can control his or her response to the emotion. This will be determined by the individual’s ability to respond in a meaningful manner or not. It will also be measured by his or her behavior in the context of other people, their reactions and responses toward the person.
With the continuous emotion model, it is possible to determine the different emotions and feelings that can be expressed through music. For example, one might find out that a person experiences sadness when listening to a sad song, anger when listening to a happy song and so on. With the dimensional model, people can also express the same emotions. but not as easily and therefore, emotion is not measured at the level of intensity as with the continuous emotion model.
However, both models allow for people to express their emotional response and behavior and responses to music without thinking about it first. In fact, many people who are experiencing strong emotions do not even know they are feeling them. However, many of us will experience a variety of emotions at varying levels and it is easy to recognize that emotion is which.
This is why there has been much research done about music and emotions in particular, but there is no one specific method to be used in any study. It all depends on the type of emotions a person is feeling and how well they can express them without being aware of it.
There are many theories and studies that claim to prove that some people can control their emotion or behavior with music, however, there is not one particular kind that works for every person. One theory is that the emotional response to music can be modified. by using the various instruments that have been found to have this capability.
There are some instruments that have the ability to trigger the emotional response to music while others have the ability to suppress it. This makes the choice of instrument important when using music and emotions in studies because it can be instrumental in determining the emotions that the person is feeling.
There are other studies that show that there is a certain level of frequency that a person is able to listen to a piece of music and alter their emotional response. depending on the intensity and duration of the piece.
There are other studies that show that the emotion can also be altered through the use of the same instruments and the duration of the song. Other studies show that a piece can alter a person’s mood and how well they feel in general. Some studies show that certain songs make the heart beat faster and slow it down. There are also studies that suggest that the person will become drowsy and will react to certain kinds of music.